Life and the world, or whatever we call that which we are and feel, is an astonishing thing. The mist of familiarity obscures from us the wonder of our being. We are struck with admiration at some of its transient modifications, but it is itself the great miracle.

What are changes of empires, the wreck of dynasties, with the opinions which supported them; what is the birth and the extinction of religious and of political systems to life? …


Part 7 of 10 : WE SCHOLARS

Teachers notes and Evaluation notes taken from

https://hxtarth.medium.com

CHAPTER VI: WE SCHOLARS

Teachers notes

The main contrast of this chapter is between real philosophers as Nietzsche conceives of them and “philosophical laborers” and scholars. The great success of science and scholarship has encouraged philosophy to subordinate itself to science, concerning itself with the theory of knowledge alone. A real philosopher must be able to rise above all this science, but this becomes increasingly difficult as our body of knowledge grows increasingly larger.

Nietzsche is critical of the sterile, objective spirit of modern scholars. A removal of oneself from one’s work…


Part 6 of 10 : THE NATURAL HISTORY OF MORALS

Teachers notes and Evaluation notes taken from

https://hxtarth.medium.com

Teachers notes:
Morality is as old as humanity, and there have been many different kinds of morality across the millennia. Moral philosophers today lack this historical perspective, and in searching for a “rational foundation” for morality, all they really do is try to justify their own morality. Unable to see outside the perspective of their own morality, they are unable to see the concept of morality itself as problematic and needing to be questioned and justified.

Anything great that we have achieved or become has been the result of a strict obedience…


Part 5 of 10 : THE RELIGIOUS MOOD (Sublime Abortion)

Teachers notes and Evaluation notes taken from

https://hxtarth.medium.com

Teachers Notes

Nietzsche considers the demands that Christianity makes: for renunciation of freedom, pride, self-confidence of spirit, and much else besides. This Christian piety is best exemplified by the priestly type, who denies everything good in life and submits himself to isolation, humility, and chastity.

This ascetic ideal has held a great fascination in all places and times, as the saint then effects a reversal whereby he is able to make his self-debasement appear as the highest form of good. The power of the saint, Nietzsche says, lies precisely in the mystery…


Part 4 of 10 : The Free Spirit

Teachers notes and Evaluation notes taken from

https://hxtarth.medium.com

Teachers Notes

Nietzsche opens with the suggestion that our knowledge relies on a simplification of the truth that makes it expressible in language and understandable to all. Essentially, then, our will to knowledge is built upon, and is even a refinement of, our will to ignorance.

Philosophers most of all should not pose as defenders of truth or knowledge. The “truths” of philosophers are just their prejudices, and no philosopher has even been “proved” right. Philosophers are at their best when they are questioning themselves and freeing their spirits from their prejudices.


Part 3 of 10 : Prejudices of Philosophers

Teachers notes and Evaluation notes taken from
https://hxtarth.medium.com

Teacher’s Notes

Nietzsche opens by questioning the will to truth that makes us such inquisitive creatures.Of all the questioning this will excites in us, we rarely question the value of truth itself.

Nietzsche confronts what he calls the “faith in opposite values.” This is the belief that the world can be divided into opposites, starting with the opposition of truth and falsehood.

Nietzsche suggests that perhaps the relationship between so-called “opposites” is far more complex. …


Part 2 of 10 : Index and Preface

Teacher’s notes and Evaluation notes taken from https://hxtarth.medium.com

Teachers’s notes:
An understanding of Nietzsche’s work as a whole relies on a solid grasp of his views on truth and language, and his metaphysics and conception of the will to power. At the very bottom of Nietzsche’s philosophy lies the conviction that the universe is in a constant state of change, and his hatred and disparagement of almost any position can be traced back to that position’s temptation to look at the universe as fixed in one place.

Nietzsche is skeptical of both language and “truth” because they are liable to…


Part 1 of 10 : Introduction for 2020

Nostalgia is not what it used to be and neither is morality. In this classic book, Nietzsche talks about our inner-ways ways of thinking, feeling and living. He reviews human civilisation from a psychological perspective. Showing how modern european morality is a weak imitation of medieval christianity [before Descartes in 1645] and totally unlike the pre-Christian ‘eye-for-an-eye’ morality of the Old Testament and the festive violence of the Circus for which the Ancient Romans are known.

Nietzsche unveils the turbulent world of values and sentiments over the last 3,000 years. If human nature remained the same during this time, then…


We start by not ascribing to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, For us, human rights are contradictory to the rights of the people, because we base rights in man as a social product, not man as an abstract with innate rights.
“Human rights” do not exist except for the bourgeois man, a position that was at the forefront of feudalism, like liberty, equality, and fraternity were advanced for the bourgeoisie of the past. But today, since the appearance of the proletariat as an organized class in the Communist Party, with the experience of triumphant revolutions, with the construction of…


China joined WTO in 2001. At that moment, crony capitalism joined forces with crony communism trapping millions underneath an iron-dome of economic prosperity, or servitude, depending on your situation.

The west outsourced all production to Asia. Do people not understand that this has unavoidable, profound, long-term; social, economic and political consequences? The main one being that people in the capitalist west are going to have to respect and understand the chinese way of doing things whether they like it or not.

Many in the west admire China’s idea of social harmony & stability. Seeing religious people as unhealthy. For example…

Daytona Platinum

Mature student of literature, politics, philosophy. I’ve edited and published some ‘bitesize’ Nietzsche on medium and am now studying Shelley.

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